FIGURATIVE LANGUAGES USED IN UMPASAON BATAK TOBA SOCIETY WEDDING CEREMONY CULTURAL
Elisa Betty Manullang
Prodi Sastra Inggris, Universitas Negeri Medan
Figurative language is an interesting phenomenon to be studied and analysed because it is one of the most arduous topics that literal language processing has to face and it is used in any form of communicationThe objectives of this research were to describe the five types of Figurative Langauge, namely Metaphor, Personification, Hyperbole, Simile, and Metonym, the dominant one and also explain why Figurative Language is used in Umpasa on Batak Toba wedding Ceremony Cultural. This research was conducted by using descriptive qualitative design. It took 30 umpasa from one video of wedding ceremony P. Simangunsong in 2017. The result showed that there are only four types of figurative language were used in Umpasa in Batak Toba wedding ceremony, they were: Hyperbole, Metaphor, Personification and simile. The result of data analysis showed that the total numbers of figurative language from five types were: 4 hyperbole (13,32%), 23 Metaphor (76,69%), 2 Personification (6,66%), and 1 simile (3,33%). It meant that the dominant type of figurative langauge is Metaphor with score 76,69%. The reason of using figurative language in umpasa on Batak Toba wedding ceremony Cultural is to avoid the listeners boredom because from many umpasa in wedding ceremony it is only has three purposes.
Keywords: Figurative Language, Umpasa, Batak Toba, Wedding Ceremony Cultural